Preparing the ground

Prior to delivery of the turf you will need to prepare the ground. Tools that you will require are:

Sharp Spade
Rotovator
Rake
Wheelbarrow
Half Moon Edger (or sharp knife)
Boards

What If I Want To Re-New My Existing Lawn?
If your lawn is full of moss or weeds, the best method to renew your lawn is to strip off the existing grass and replace with new turf. This can be done in several ways.

Spray your grass with Round-Up Weedkiller (always follow manufacturers instructions) then use a sharp spade and cut under the grass until the whole lawn is removed, or alternatively use an automatic Turf Cutting Machine to cut off the top layer of your lawn. This is more accurate and faster if you have a large lawn. See PRODUCTS for details of our Turf Cutter Hire Service. Once you have done that, spread a layer of sand to level the garden.

What If I Have A New Garden?
The builder will have left you with a top soiled garden. This can easily be prepared if soil is weed free, if not we recommend spraying weedkiller over area prior to ground preparation. Weedkiller can be purchased from most Garden Centres but please be sure to follow the manufacturers instructions carefully.

How Should I Begin Preparation?
Once you have carried out the above steps the ground preparation is underway.

Ground preparation is vital to the future of your new lawn. Inadequately prepared and unfertilized ground will never give satisfactory results. Soil needs to be turned over to a depth of 15cm. This can be achieved by either digging over the area or by using a rotovator.

Ensure that area is free of any debris, stones, weeds and old turf.

Do I Need Fertilizer?
A pre-turfing fertilizer should be applied and raked into the soil. See PRODUCTS for details.

How Do I Level My Garden?
The ground should be raked over to produce a smooth surface. At this stage the ground may be lightly rolled or firmed by foot to reveal any soft areas which can then be raked level. This process should be carried out until the ground is evenly firm and smooth. At this point you may find weather conditions do not allow you to rake the soil evenly, we recommend that you spread a 25mm sand base over the area to help you achieve correct levels and this application can also help with drainage directly below the turf. See PRODUCTS for details on sand, soil, peat, compost etc.

How Do I Lay Turf?
Start by using one strip of turf around the outside of the lawn. Avoid using small strips at the edges as these may dry out and perish. Turf can be shaped to follow gently curved borders.

Lay the first row along the longest straight line and work across the lawn staggering the joints in each row - as in brickwork. Butt and push the edges and ends against each other but do not stretch the turf. Use a sharp knife or half moon spade to cut the end of a row.

Avoid walking on the newly laid turf - boards should be placed down for working on, or walking along. This will also ensure that turf has full contact with the soil.